Engineering Other

Interdisciplinary and specialized fields

Discipline↓ Scope↓ Major specialties↓
Industrial engineering The design and analysis of logistical and resource systems.
  • Manufacturing engineering, the ability to plan the practices of manufacturing, to research and develop the tool, processes, machines and equipment, and to integrate the facilities and systems for producing quality products with optimal expenditure.
  • Component engineering, the process of assuring the availability of suitable components required to manufacture a product.
  • Systems engineering, focuses on issues such as logistics, the coordination of different teams, automatic control of machinery for complex engineering projects
  • Construction engineering, the planning and management of construction projects
  • Safety engineering, assuring that a life-critical system behaves as needed even when pieces fail
Applied engineering The field concerned with the application of management, design, and technical skills for the design and integration of systems, the execution of new product designs, the improvement of manufacturing processes, and the management and direction of physical and/or technical functions of a firm or organization. Applied Engineering degreed programs typically include instruction in basic engineering principles, project management, industrial processes, production and operations management, systems integration and control, quality control, and statistics.
  • Automation/Control Systems/Mechatronics/Robotics
  • Computer-aided Drawing & Design (CADD)
  • Construction
  • Electronics
  • General
  • Graphics
  • Manufacturing
  • Nanotechnology
Biological engineering The application of engineering principles to the fields of biology and medicine.
  • Biomedical engineering, the application of engineering principles and techniques to the medical and biological sciences
  • Genetic engineering, the design and development of techniques to directly manipulate an organism's genes
  • Biochemical engineering, the design and construction of unit processes that involve biological organisms or molecules
  • Tissue engineering
  • Protein engineering, the development of useful or valuable proteins
Mechatronics A hybrid of mechanical and electrical engineering, intended to examine the design of automation systems.
  • Robotics
  • Instrumentation engineering
  • Avionics, the design of electronics and systems on board an aircraft or spacecraft
Nuclear engineering The application of nuclear processes to engineering
Agricultural engineering The application of engineering principles to agricultural fields such as farm power and machinery, biological material process, bioenergy, farm structures, and agricultural natural resources
  • Bioprocess engineering, the design and development of equipment and processes for the manufacturing of products from biological materials
  • Food engineering, concerns food processing, food machinery, packaging, ingredient manufacturing, instrumentation, and control.
  • Aquaculture engineering, the study of cultured aquatic species and the production systems used in their culture.
Nanoengineering The practice of engineering on the nanoscale
Petroleum engineering The application of engineering principles to drilling for and producing crude oil and natural gas
  • Reservoir engineering, the application of scientific principles to study the flow of fluids in underground reservoirs so as to obtain a high economic recovery.
  • Drilling engineering, the design and application of equipment and techniques to drill wells.
  • Production engineering, the design and application of equipment and techniques to bring well fluids to the surface and then separate out the various components